It is the largest and most important port in Peru. The city is also called Provincia Constitucional (Constitutional Province), the only province of the Callao Region. Callao is located west of Lima, the country’s capital, and is part of the Lima Metropolitan Area, a large metropolis that holds almost one-third of Peru’s population. Callao borders Lima Province on the north, east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
LIMA – THE CITY OF KINGS
Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or “The City of Kings.” It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru.
Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area.
As the major point of entry to the country, Lima has developed an important tourism industry, characterized by its historic center, archeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals, and popular traditions. Lima is home to an ample range of restaurants and bars where local as well as international cuisine is served. In general, Lima is the entrance door to Peru. Through its International Airport “Jorge Chávez”, with direct flights and connections with the main cities of the world. From Lima, you will be able to begin trips to all the cities of the interior of our country, to enjoy and discover all the tourist attractive of this wonderful country.
CUSCO – “THE NAVEL OF THE WORLD”
Cuzco, Archaeological Capital of America was the main city of the Empire of the Tahuantinsuyo, being considered by the Incas like the “Navel of the World”. Today it is the first tourist center of Peru and has been proclaimed by UNESCO like Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity.
CHICLAYO – “CAPITAL OF FRIENDSHIP”
Chiclayo is the capital of the department of Lambayeque and without a doubt it is an attractive tourist city, in addition to its intense commercial activity; it has good hotels, squares, churches and museums like the Brunning, with valuable vestiges of the Cultures Mochica and Chimú, among them, the last discovery of Tumba del Señor de Sipan. (The most grandiose tomb in the Americas)
AREQUIPA – “ THE WHITE CITY”
The capital of the department is called Arequipa or “the White City”, due to the many structures built using the white sillar stone. Arequipa is a popular tourist destination due to its diverse architecture such as: temples, convents, monasteries and the very famous Santa Catalina Convent, which dates back to 1580.
ICA – “THE CITY OF ETERNAL SUN”
Mariano Ignacio Prado created the Department of Ica in 1866. In sandy grounds of the Peninsula of Paracas, Julio C. Tello discovered the vast cemeteries of a pre-Columbian culture between 1925 and 1927, known as Necrópolis. The Momias de Paracas were found with colorful and fine loaded mantles of symbols, denominated Mantles of Paracas. This culture was characterized by the exercise of the medicine, in special of the trepanations craneanas, as they demonstrate the found trepanados skulls in the zone.
Later was developed the Culture Nazca which was the center in Cahuachi to borders of the Rio Grande. Its ceramics has consecrated to Nazca like the best painters ceramists of Pre-Columbian America. In addition, world-wide the “Lineas de Nazca”, a gigantic astronomical calendar of almost 350 km2 of extension.